Advanced control concept for fuel cell hybrid systems and polygeneration plants.
Advanced controls such as Model Predictive Control (MPC) are the ideal control approach for innovative energy systems, as they optimise the present control action estimating the future response of the system, subject to constraints. Therefore, if a validated real-time dynamic model of the system is available, the control algorithm can minimise thermal gradients, pressure variations, fuel consumption, properly balancing such constraints with the need to follow the load required by the grid. The real-time model and control concept will be developed and tested in the laboratory test rigs to allow innovative energy systems, such as microturbines and microturbine fuel cell hybrids, to perform rapid load variations and to serve, according to a cyberphysical approach, the needs of a real polygeneration microgrid
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