Chemistry: Fully Funded DTC PhD Studentship: Circular economy approaches to biological wastes in ...

Employer
Swansea University
Location
Other
Posted
September 19 2017
Discipline
Other
Position Type
Full Time
Organization Type
Academia

Swansea University is a UK top 30 institution for research excellence (Research Excellence Framework 2014), and has been named Welsh University of the Year 2017 by The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide.


Project Supervisors:


Closing date for applications:  15 November 2017


Start date:  January 2018


Project description:


This project is an exciting opportunity to explore how we can derive value from waste streams such as faecal sludge in developing nations. The project is aims to deliver impact in developing nations via development of transformative technologies for provision of water, sanitation and hygiene. The student will join a multi disciplinary team of chemists, biologists and engineers, part funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and will assess the viability of using processed sludge, usually ashes or biochars, as sources of biocrudes and as soil conditioners and fertilisers. 


The need for better sanitation in the developing world is clear. A third of the world's population—2.5 billion people—practice open defecation or lack adequate sanitation facilities, and the consequences can be devastating for human health as well as the environment. Even in urban areas, where household and communal toilets are more prevalent, over 2 billion people use toilets connected to septic tanks that are not safely emptied or use other systems that discharge raw sewage into open drains or surface waters. 


Creating sanitation infrastructure and public services that work for everyone and that keep waste out of the environment is a major challenge. The toilets, sewers, and wastewater treatment systems used in the developed world require vast amounts of land, energy, and water, and they are expensive to build, maintain and operate. Existing alternatives that are less expensive are often unappealing because they do not kill disease-causing pathogens, have impractical designs, or retain odors and attract insects. 


By improving how we deal with human waste, we can save lives, improve child health, and ensure greater dignity, privacy, and personal safety, particularly for women and girls. Better sanitation also contributes to economic development, delivering up to $5 in social and economic benefits for every $1 invested through increased productivity, reduced healthcare costs, and prevention of illness, disability, and early death.   


Solving the sanitation challenge in the developing world will require radical innovations that are deployable on a large scale. Innovation is especially needed in densely populated areas, where billions of people are only capturing and storing their waste, with no sustainable way to handle it once their on-site storage—such as a septic tank or latrine pit—fills up. Solutions will require improvements along the entire sanitation service chain, including waste containment (toilets), emptying (of pits and septic tanks), transportation (to sewage treatment facilities), waste treatment, and disposal/reuse.



This job comes from a partnership with Science Magazine and Euraxess