The San Camillo Hospital in Venice is a clinical and research center (IRCCS) accredited by the Italian Ministry of Health, devoted to the rehabilitation of neurological patients. Inpatients are primarily stroke patients, but also patients suffering from head trauma, multiple sclerosis, neurodegenerative disease, neuromuscular disease. Other patients with epilepsy, brain tumor, or mild cognitive impairment are treated as outpatients. Over the years, the San Camillo Hospital has been able to create a unique environment where clinicians and researchers work side by side with the goal of improving the quality of life of neurological patients. The medical team includes research-oriented experts in neurology, neurophysiology, radiology, physical therapy, biology and neuropsychology, who strive to optimise patient’s treatment using the advanced technologies and instrumentations available by the San Camillo Hospital. They main clinical and research services that are offered are the following:
- Biomolecular profiling: analysis of biological specimens, like tissues, blood or urine, is used extract multiple molecule (gene, protein, miRNA) expression patterns for diagnostic and prognostic purposes;
- Brain imaging and electrophysiology: high-field magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography are techniques that permit to study the structure and function of the brain, supporting the identification of disease-specific biomarkers;
- Treatments for sensory and motor recovery: advanced approaches for sensory-motor functional enhancement are based on robot-aided and virtual reality training, electromyographic biofeedback, nerve stimulation, noninvasive brain stimulation, and stem cell therapy;
- Cognitive testing and training: computerised testing tools are used for detecting attention, executive function and communication deficits, as well as for promoting their rehabilitation by favouring the creation of new associative patterns in the brain.